Isaac Newton astutely described his success in reference to this idea when he said, “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” 1Bullshit Fact #.5: This quote of Newton’s wasn’t actually first made by him; it was made by Bernard of Chartres in John of Salisbury’s ...continueWithout our ability to rely upon our ancestors (and our contemporaries) as sources of viable information, we could never have hoped to accomplish as much as we have since the dawn of time.
Bullshit Fact #1: You Should Wait At Least 1 Hour After Eating Before Going Swimming
Bullshit Fact #2: Vitamin C Helps Treat The Common Cold
This myth was propagated by Linus Pauling, a distinguished 20th-century scientist. 5Offit, Paul. (2013, July 20). The vitamin myth: Why we think we need supplements. The Atlantic.He made several notable contributions to the scientific community in the fields of biology, chemistry, and particle physics, to name a few. But in his later years, he developed an unfounded obsession with vitamins. Namely Vitamin C.
However, study after study, conducted both before, during, and after the time of Pauling, has shown that the ingestion of increased levels of Vitamin C does not treat or prevent the common cold. 6National Institutes of Health (2016, December 16). Vitamin C. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.In fact, vitamins and supplements across the board are generally found to have little to no positive impact on overall health. High enough doses of certain vitamins actually lead to a myriad of health disorders, from diarrhea to kidney stones.
The North American Dietary Reference Intake actually recommends the average person ingest at least 90 milligrams of Vitamin C a day, 7United States Department of Agriculture. (2000). Vitamin C.an amount so small, you could get it from eating a cup of strawberries, bell peppers, or broccoli. 8Oranges are actually not the best source of vitamin C per serving. Other good sources are kale, papayas, kiwi, mangoes, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, ...continue
The bottom line is that anyone who eats a balanced diet full of fruits and veggies is sure to be getting enough Vitamin C, not to mention all the other essential vitamins and minerals. The U.S Government’s 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines actually recommend that the majority of your essential daily nutrients come from whole, natural foods. 9Health.gov. (2015). U.S. Dietary Guidelines 2015-2020. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.Not pills or supplements.
Obviously people with dietary deficiencies or allergies may need to take supplements. This is fine. The greater concern is for people who subsist themselves on shit like McDonald’s and Red Bull and expect to reach a state of bodily equilibrium by taking daily nutrient pills. And then there are the people who take a million vitamins every day hoping they will live to be 113. Good luck with that.
Supplements should be taken as supplements. They should supplement your diet. Not comprise it.
Bullshit Fact #3: All Police Officers Have To Identify Themselves As Such Or Risk Facing Entrapment
Bullshit Fact #4: The Consumption Of Sugar Causes Hyperactivity In Children
No. No, no, no, no, no, no, no. Just no.
Test after test after test has been done to evaluate the effects of sugar on children’s hyperactivity levels and there is absolutely no evidence to show that sugar causes hyperactivity in children. Here’s one test. 13Wolraich, M. L. et al. (1994). Effects of diets high in Sucrose or Aspartame on the behavior and cognitive performance of children. New England ...continueAnd here’s another. 14Hoover, D., & Milich, R. (1994). Effects of sugar ingestion expectancies on mother-child interactions. NCBI.And here’s one more for shits and giggles. 15Wolraich, M., Wilson, D., & White, J. (1995). The effect of sugar on behavior or cognition in children. A meta-analysis. NCBI.
None of these tests, as well as numerous others that have been done since the 1970s, have found any link between sugar consumption and hyperactivity levels.
This myth is attributed to Dr. Benjamin Feingold, who proposed that the consumption of food coloring and additives, which often coexist with sugar in food, caused hyperactivity in children. 16Kanarek, R. B. (2011). Artificial food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Oxford University Press.This claim has been fairly well refuted since the 1970s when Feingold first released his findings.
Since then, there have been a few other miscellaneous studies that have also drawn weak links between food additive consumption and behavioral problems with children who are genetically predisposed to have ADHD, 17Millichap, G. J., & Yee, M. M. (2012). The diet factor in attention-deficit/Hyperactivity disorder. AAP News & Journals.But the idea that sugar itself causes changes in children’s behavior seems to be nothing more than a wives tale passed around by parents seeking to explain why their children are so damned wound up all of the time.
One thing parents don’t take into account is that children are most often hyper around other children. And when children get together, either for a play date or a birthday party, there is always some type of sugar laden treat involved. Cake, candy, ice cream, you name it. But it’s the party or the atmosphere that causes children to become hyper, not sugar.
Lots of kids I encountered at the Club also wrongly believed that sugar made them hyper. Upon consuming some sugary piece of junk food or drinking some sugary-laden beverage, they would purposely begin to amp themselves up, playing into the preconceived notion that sugar should make them hyper. Some of them even used the sugar as an excuse to act in ways they would not have otherwise acted in. Many of the tests that used placebos for sugar demonstrated this phenomenon. 18Hammond, C. (2013, July 23). Does sugar make children hyperactive? BBC.
Bullshit Fact #5: You Only Use 10% Of Your Brain
Oh my god, shut up, make it stop. This is one is soooooooooo bullshit.
It also seems as if early neurological researchers had little understanding of glial cells in the brain. Even though glial cells make up a majority of brain cells, they really only maintain the health of the neuron cells, which carry out the brain’s major functions. Glial cells might have seemed like extraneous brain matter to ignorant neurologists because they only act in a supplemental capacity, but to say that we do not use the portions of our brain containing glial cells is completely false. 20Wolosker H., Dumin E., et al. (2008, July) D-amino Acids In The Brain. NCBI.
Ironically enough, modern evidence seems to suggest that the higher your ratio of glial to neuronal cells is, the greater your intelligence capacity will be. 21Aw, Ben. (2014). 5 Reasons Why Glial Cells Were So Critical To Human Intelligence. Scientific Brains.
There’s still a lot we don’t know about the brain. But we can all be sure of at least one thing: we definitely use almost all of our brains at all times.22Boyd, R. (2008, February 7). Do people only use 10 percent of their brains? Scientific American.(Yes, even stupid people).
PET and fMRI scans have revealed that regardless of what one is doing at any given time, all parts of the brain are active. Some parts are going to be more active than others depending on a person’s current activities, but there are definitely no parts of the brain not being used. 23Cherry, K. (2016, September 6). Do you really use only 10 percent of your brain? Verywell.
Footnotes [ + ]
|1.||↑||Bullshit Fact #.5: This quote of Newton’s wasn’t actually first made by him; it was made by Bernard of Chartres in John of Salisbury’s Metalogicon.|
|2.||↑||And I am aware of the irony in this, because what you are reading now is, too, on the internet. But don’t worry. All of these citations reference other works that prove my statements. Which, I guess, are also on the internet. Whatever. The internet is a gift and a curse.|
|3.||↑||O’Connor, A. (2005, June 28). The claim: Never swim after eating. New York Times.|
|4.||↑||Milburn, Peter. (2012, November 18). Monday’s medical myth: wait 30 minutes after eating before you swim. The Conversation.|
|5.||↑||Offit, Paul. (2013, July 20). The vitamin myth: Why we think we need supplements. The Atlantic.|
|6.||↑||National Institutes of Health (2016, December 16). Vitamin C. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.|
|7.||↑||United States Department of Agriculture. (2000). Vitamin C.|
|8.||↑||Oranges are actually not the best source of vitamin C per serving. Other good sources are kale, papayas, kiwi, mangoes, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, pineapple, green bell peppers, and chili peppers. Citrus fruits are still good sources of Vitamin C, they are just erroneous poster children.|
|9.||↑||Health.gov. (2015). U.S. Dietary Guidelines 2015-2020. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.|
|10.||↑||Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. NCBI.|
|11.||↑||Sorrells v. United States (1932). United States Supreme Court.|
|12.||↑||Mikkelson, Barbara. (2007 June 7). Are You A Cop? Snopes.|
|13.||↑||Wolraich, M. L. et al. (1994). Effects of diets high in Sucrose or Aspartame on the behavior and cognitive performance of children. New England Journal of Medicine.|
|14.||↑||Hoover, D., & Milich, R. (1994). Effects of sugar ingestion expectancies on mother-child interactions. NCBI.|
|15.||↑||Wolraich, M., Wilson, D., & White, J. (1995). The effect of sugar on behavior or cognition in children. A meta-analysis. NCBI.|
|16.||↑||Kanarek, R. B. (2011). Artificial food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Oxford University Press.|
|17.||↑||Millichap, G. J., & Yee, M. M. (2012). The diet factor in attention-deficit/Hyperactivity disorder. AAP News & Journals.|
|18.||↑||Hammond, C. (2013, July 23). Does sugar make children hyperactive? BBC.|
|19.||↑||Jarrett, C. (2014, July 24). All You Need To Know About the 10 Percent Brain Myth, in 60 Seconds. Wired.|
|20.||↑||Wolosker H., Dumin E., et al. (2008, July) D-amino Acids In The Brain. NCBI.|
|21.||↑||Aw, Ben. (2014). 5 Reasons Why Glial Cells Were So Critical To Human Intelligence. Scientific Brains.|
|22.||↑||Boyd, R. (2008, February 7). Do people only use 10 percent of their brains? Scientific American.|
|23.||↑||Cherry, K. (2016, September 6). Do you really use only 10 percent of your brain? Verywell.|